HSC404 - Assignment 2
Due: March 21
Online article about H. naledi
Homo naledi fossil illustration
There are four parts to this assignment; each of the first three will contribute to the final piece which is to be properly arranged on a page for publication as a supplementary, interactive figure to accompany an article in the Journal of Human Evolution (part 4).
Part 1: Stipple illustration and layout of two views of the Homo naledi mandible (lateral and superior), and the H. rudolfensis mandible.
Part 2: A simplified (line only - all relevant edge types) comparison of the posterior view of the H. naledi and the H. erectus calvarium (to scale).
Part 3: A simple vector illustration of the cave system in which the fossils were found, including a detail of the Denaledi chamber where the fossils were found. In the detail, strata patterns should be used.
Part 4: all elements composed in a proper page layout for a supplementary figure to accompany an article in the Journal of Human Evolution.
Part 1 - comparison of mandibles of H. naledi and H. rudolfensis
In this part of the illustration, you will illustrate the mandibles of H. naledi and H. rudolfensis in order to compare and identify certain characteristics referred to in the paper.
The 3D models can be found in this Maya file.
You are provided four renders of these specimens - lateral and superior. These have been lit from the upper left.
Using these renders, you will create four (4) hand-drawn pen-and-ink stippled illustrations, which capture the morphological details of each. Line weight and stipple shading must be used to reveal the form adequately. These will be rendered at 1.5:1 scale, but they should be kept at 1:1 scale in the final layout (they are reduced to this size through the Photoshop adjustment). Include a scale bar.
Follow the same technique for drawing the outlines used in assignment 1. Pencil in rough shade regions. Use these as a guide for stippling. Work from the lightest area, establishing the brightest value, and fill in with more stipples to work up the darker regions (halftone and core shadow).
Scan these images at high resolution, as greyscale image files. Save as TIFs.
In image below - top row is H. rudolfensis; bottom row is H. naledi
Part 2 - comparison of posterior view of the crania of H. naledi and H. erectus
In this part of the illustration you will create simple line art comparing the posterior profile of these two specimens. This can be done with either pen and ink as above, or by using Adobe Illustrator. No stippling or shading required. Instead, simply use lines of various weights to distinguish between edge types in order to reveal structures. Any visible sutures should be illustrated, but treated as surface texture, and thus receiving the lightest line weight. The outline, and the shape of the nuchal/occipital crest are most important to render for comparison. No other details of the object shape should be included - these are very simple shape comparisons.
You are provided with two renders - one of each specimen, at 0.5:1 scale.
If drawn, scan the images as above and save as TIF files. If made in Illustrator, simply save them as .ai files.
Part 3 - diagram of cave system and Dinaledi chamber
In this part of the illustration, you will create two diagrams:
- one of the entire cave system based on this illustration: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cross-section_of_the_Rising_Star_Cave_system_Dinaledi_Chamber.svg
- one of the Dinaledi chamber based on this illustration: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f4/Cartoon_illustrating_the_geological_and_taphonomic_context_and_distribution_of_fossils%2C_sediments_and_flowstones_within_the_Dinaledi_Chamber.jpg
This is an exercise in creating technical illustrations in Adobe Illustrator.
Both must be done using only black line on white (paper) ground. Illustration 2 does not need to include speleothems, but do include the flowstone - make up your own pattern for this. Patterns must be created for the two forms of breccia, mudstone, and the surrounding dolomite. References for these can be found in this document: https://www.dropbox.com/s/b2j96za0zugf9p4/fgdc-geolsym-sec37.pdf?dl=0
Breccia (605); Breccia (606); Mudstone (use sandstone 607); limestone (627); flowstone - make your own.
An abstracted fossil symbol for a bone can be used to indicate the location of fossil concentrations. See this document for an example: fossil symbols.
The creation of these symbols will be demonstrated in class, as will the use of the Pathfinder in Illustrator.
Some old (but relevant) videos about constructing lithologic patterns can be found here.
These two illustrations can be made in separate Illustrator files and brought into the final layout file (see part 4).
Part 4 - Layout
All of these image elements must be arranged on an 11x17 inch (landscape) page. A half inch border of blank space around the periphery must be included.
Title: Diagnostic features of Homo naledi.
name, student number
The image elements can be arranged how you'd like, however, each part should be distinctly separate from the others, and should have a descriptive caption indicating what is being shown.
Part 1 - find and label two elements of the teeth relevant to the comparison between these two specimens. Try to visually communicate the idea in addition to using leader lines and labels.
Part 2 - identify the shape difference or similarity between these two specimens and include this information as a label with leader lines or other visual figurative elements.
Part 3 - make sure the link between these two images is clear somehow. Add a legend for the lithologic and fossil symbols used.
All font should be sans serif. Helvetica or Arial. Use typographic hierarchy as described in class.
No colour anywhere in any of the images!
All illustrator files (construction files, final layout file); all images must be embedded in the Illustrator files.
All drawings - rough and finished.
Save the final Illustrator layout as a PDF.